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    金沙MG淑女之夜【dwandrews.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。大连迸偎市场营销有限公司(原齐齐哈尔萄站平文化传媒有限公司)成立于1990年,占地面积75413平方米,环亚ag旗舰厅PT超级狮子其中生产厂房占地6210平方米,仓库面积占地5840平方米。固定资产5711万元,流动资产9935万元,干部职工共689人,工程技术人员02人。金沙MG淑女之夜ChenXiaohongChenJinliang,,2008Theinnovationofindustrialchainsisakindofinnovationcreatedbyenterprisegroups,thatis,theenterprisegroupsthatmakeuptheindustrialchains,bymeansofinteractionanddemandincentiveorsupplyincentive,successivelyorjointlybringoutnewproductsorproductcombinationsbearingenhancementofthecompetitiveedgeofChina:’sDiamondModel,thefactorsaffectingtheinnovationofindustrialchainsmainlyincludeindustrialbasis,market,productionfactors,,someofthef,afairlyfavorableorganizationalbasisforindustrialtechnologiesandeconomiesaswellasagoodfoundationfordevelopment,butlacksnewtechnologiesandmanagementorganizationsandhaslittleknowledge,,beingshortoffundsinthelongrun,hasseenaquiteinadequateknowledgeaccumulationinitsindust,theChinesedomes,,thereexistsashortageofhigh-qualitytalentedpeople,andChina’sabisaswellasanumberofexcellententrepreneurs,whicharethemostimpsscapableofdevelopinghightechnologies,acquiringandassessingstrategicinformationandexercisingorganizationandmanagementandtha,theChinesegovernmenthaslaiddownthestatestrategyforinnovationanddevelopmentandformu,thegovernmentstillneedstoenrichitsexperienceandimproveitspolicyef,Chinahasaccumulatednewexperiencesininnovationofindustrialchains,,twobasicformsareadoptedininnovationmaking:innovationsmadethroughtheco-operationbetweengovrieswiththeset-upcostunsolved,thedevelo,theindustriesrequiringmorepolicysupportfromthegovernmentaremainlythosetechnology-intensiveorknowledge-basedindustriesthatrequirehugeinvestmentandsethighstandardsformarketaccessaswellasthosewidelyopenindustrieswiththeset-upcostunsolvedwherethereismuchdifferenceincomprehensivecapacityandtechnicalcompetencebetweenChineseandforeignenterprises(Table1).Afterthestrengthhasbeenenhanced,those,ChinaMobileandHuaweihaverealizedtheupgradingofChinaMobilenetworkbyjointlydevelopingthetechnicallycomplicatedIPnetworkwithhugeinvestment,thusmakingHuaweioneoftheworldbytheChinesegovernment,thespecificcharacteristicsandtheroadstakenbyChinaforitsdevelopmenthavemadesomepeopletobeskepticalaboutandevenworryaboutwhataroletheChinesegovernmentcouldperprisesofdevelopedcountries;itisimperativeforChinatoprovidebackingfortheenterprisestodevelopthemselvesandcreateinnovationswithresourcesor"rentchances"(or"performance-basedrent")suppliedbythegovernment,butthereexistsariskthattherelationshipbetweenthegovernmentandtheenterprisesmig"pathdependence",Chinasreformanddevelopment,proceedingfromthenationalconditions,arecharacterizedby"extra-systematicreformanddevelopment"whichstimulatethe"systematicreformanddevelopment"esIndustrialproductionacceleratedquarterbyqu,%,yearonyear,,%riseinthefirstquarter,%%%inSeptember,whichwitnessedthefastestgrowthasofthebeginningoftheyear,andtheindustrialpr,%,,buttheincreaserat,the%,%,%andthatofforeign-investedandtheHongKong,%.Intermsofindustry,,theindustrialproductionofChina%,%%.Theratioofsalestoproductionofindustrialproductsturnedoutgood,withthesell%.FromJanuarytoAugust,the,%yearonyear,,,theaddedvalueofthetra%,%,%,tha%,%,%,%,%andt%,whiletheoilexplorationindustry%fromayearago,%,%,%,%%.Duringthefirstthreequarters,%,yearonyear,ar;%,。

    ByXieFuzhanResearchReportNo307,2006Inrecentyears,theChinesegovernmenthasatt,themacroregulationcapabilityofthecentralgovernmenthasbeencontinuouslyimproved;thegovernmentismorecapableofaddressingmarketdefault;thetransferpaymentsizehasnoticeablyincreasedandthehorizontalfiscalimbalancehasbeingmitigated;governmentsofvariouslevelshaveimprovedbotht,wehavemadecertainachievements,butproblemsstillexistsuchastheunreasonabledivisionofgovernmentadministrativepowerandfinancialpowerandthemismatchbetweenadministrativepowerandfinancialpowerforlocalgovernments,tchingoftheinter-governments’istrativePowerandFinancialPowerDuringthepasttwodecades,:,,,decentralizationcanrefertoeithertheadministrativepowerorthefinancialpower,,itmeansthattheexpenditureresponsibilityisde,itmeansthattheproportionofself-income(self-ownedtaxation)monggovernments,andtheotherisbyadjustingtheself-ownedincome,iousdecentralizationtrend,,wehavenotfoundanycasethatthelower-levelgovernmenthastheself-owned,externaleffectandtaxincentives,thispracticealsoena,from1979to2005,%,ofwhich,%%,%,ofwhich,%%.In2004,%%,whilefortheexpenditure,%%.,thecrucialissueinChinaistoaddressthehorizontalimbalanceofePrerequisitefortheGovernmentstoMakeaProperDivisionofFinancialPowerandAdministrativePowerItismostimportanttoclearlydefinetheroleofgovernme,canwediscussthedi,therehavebeenquiteafewarg,thereformhasbeentoocommercialized,goodsandservices,sinceChinahasahugepopulationandgoodsandwhichlevelofgovernmentshouldbetheprovider,,eveneducationormedicalcarearenottotallypublicgoods,,rketclearly,andtobuildtheexpenditureresponsibilityonthebasisofpublicfinance,thatistosay,accordingtotheinternalrequirementofmarketeconomy,letthepublicfinanceshoulderresponsibilcountrywithacentral,thedivisionofexpenditureresponsibilityisnotclearenoughamongthegovernmentsatthecentral,provincial,,,th,thegrassrootsgovernmentsareburdenedbytoomuchexpenditureresponsibility,sincethegovernmentsofupperlevelsmayassigntasksinanarbitrarywaywithoutgivingsufficientcorrespondingfunding.ByXiaBinChenDaofuResearchReportNo108,tionExpectationIncreasestheShort-TermPressureuponForeignExchangeGrowthThecurrenttradeimbalancebetweenChinaandtheUnitedStates,industrialcapitalintheUnitedStatesbegantomovetothedeve"doubledeficits"andasChinahasbecomeoneofthefastest-growingeconomiesintheworldnotedforitssoundinvestmentenvironmentandcheaplaborforce,,theUnitedStatesasadevelopedcountryhasbecomeadebtorcountryandhasbeenbothecurrenthighrateofeconomicgrowth,,whatcanbechangedisthatthetradeimbalancebetweenChinaandtheUnitedStatesisreplacedbythetrad,itissafetosaythatsolongasChinacontinuestomaintainitssoundpolicyenvironment,itstradeimbalancew,thegrowthofChinahasindicatedthatthesharpgrowthofChinasforeignexchangereserveinthepasttwoyederalReservewhenitwasledbyitsformerchairmanAlanGreenspan,,mostinterna,theamountofChinassurplusofforeignexchavechangedfromoutflowintoinflow,whichshowsadistinctchangeinthestructureofChinanexcheserveInessence,foreignexchangereserveisatypeofliquida,exsforeignexchangereservehasbeencontinuouslyrisingtothecurrentlevelofmorethan850billiondollars,,money,ins,,itwillboostth,itmayundercutt,itisunfavoraionalsavingshavesettledinthecourseofeconomicact,moneyisurgentlyneededtosolvemanydifficulthistoricalproblemsleftoverinthecourseofreformssuchastheissueofagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,thedevelopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,thehugeamountofnonperformingloansoffina,lendingmoneytoforeigngovernmentsatrelativelylowinteres,"dollarhegemony""dollarhegemony"usuallyignoredtheinterestsofothercountriesandalwaysuseddollarrevaluati,,,interestratewarsandevenothersanctionsimposedbyafewcountriesaredetrimentaltotheformationofaninternationaleconomicenvironmentthatisnecessaryforChina,therefore,maintainingaproperamountofforeignexchangereserveandimprovingitsusageefficiencyofforeignexchangereservewillhelpraisethegrowthrateofthenationaleconomy,lessentheunevennessoftheeconomicstructure,fundamentallyreducethepossibilityofbalanceofpaymentsimbalances,andeventuallyenhancethestabilityofthecountry,acountryonlyneedsanamountofforeignexchangereservethatisenougherve.10-200米Thef,,%,yearonyear,,,%,;,%,,,%yearonyear;,%.Byindustry,theinvestmentintheprimary,%,%%,,%yearonyear;theinvestment,%;theinvestmentinoilandgasexploitingindustriesreached96billionyuan,%;,%;theinves,%;theinvestmentintheexcavating,smelting,,%;andtheinvestmentintheexcavating,smelting,,%.Byregion,urbaninvestmentofChina%,%%.Theinvestmentininfrastructurefacilities(exclusiveofelectricpower)%,%,%andtheinvestmentinwaterconservancy,%;theinvestmentinpublichealth,%;andtheinvestmentincultural,%.。

    Lucky注册自助领8 88体验金ByLiuShijin,,2007NeverbeforehasChinasener,Chinahasenteredandwillremainatthestageforquitealongperiodoftime,duringwhichtheconsumptionofresourcesincludingenergywill"climbup".Nomajoreconom,theshareoftheenergy-consumingheavyindustrywillrisebyafairlybigmarginandthe"structuralfactor"senergyconsumptionforperunitoutputhasbeenontherisewhi,theeffectof"super-largescale",,willsurpasstspercapitaenergyconsumptionisstillverylowwhencomparedwithinternationallevels,thetotalamountofenergyconsumptionhasfargonebeyondpeople,Chinahasmadesomeprogressinenergyconservationovertheyears,alandconceptualfactors,theprimarycauserestsmainlyonoursystems,,eventhoughtheyareinthesamei,whileChinaclaimstobeabigcountrywithrichresources,itspercapitalevelsinamajorityofignresources,butagrowingdependencyonforeignsupplyofsomeimportantresourcescannotbutcausepublicconcernsoverthecountrys"energysecurity".Forexample,C,resourceconstraintandespeciallyenergyconstraintareposingagravechallengetothesustainabilityofChina,wemusthaveacorrectapproachwhenobserving,,theso-called"resourceconstraint",a"resourceconstraint",senergystrategyandpoinoptimizingChinaoaloccupiesadominantpositioninthestructureofChinasenergysupply,an,withtheexploitablehydropowerresourcesaccountingforabout15%,Chinaspercapitapossessionofhydropowerresourcesisequivalenttoabout70%oftheworldaveragelevel,whichiswellaboveitsratiosforoilandnaturalgas(respectively11%%)andisclosetothatforcoal(79%).Chinare-investigateditshydropowerresourcesduringthe2001~thetheoreticalreserveofhydropowerresources,thetechnologicallyexploitablege,,Chinasratiobetweenthehydropowergeneratingcapac%,rankingaround80thplaceintheworldandstayingbelowtheworldaveragelevel(%).Itwasfarlowerthanthelevelofhydropowerresourcedevelopmentinthedevelopedcountries(50%~100%)andwasalsolowerthanthelevelsinBrazil,India,Vietnam,slagginghydropowerdevelopment,ersandcanprodundculturalsites,,irrationalplanning,designingandconstructionicalprotectionandonadoptingallmeasurestominimizetheu,weshouldalsoseethepositiveimpactsofhydropowerdevelopmentontheenvironmentandtheecology,forexample,inpreventingfloods,improvingthe,theconsiderablereturnsarisingfromhydropowerdevelopmentcanprovi"micro-environment","macro-environment"ofthewholenationaleconomy,hydropowerdevel,ressinhydropowercopowergeneratingcapacitycanaccountforarationalproportionofthetotalgeneratingcapacity,~,,,,missionofCO2,,coalconsumptionsavedbyhyd%.Sointhemicroeconomicsense,hydropowerdevelopmenthas,"cleaneffect"ofsubstitutingcoal-firedpowergeneration,hydropowershouldberegardedasacleanenergy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Figure2ChangestoChinasOverseasAcquisitionsin2007and2008Source:BasedontheStatisticalBulletinsonChinasOverseasD,thegrowthofChina$,%ofthecountry,theinvestmentsthroughacquisitionsrosesharplytoUS$28billion,makingup50%ofthecountry,theinvestmentsthroughacquisitionshavediversified,risingrapidlyinbothdevelopinganddevelopedcountriesandbeingveryactiveinbothupstreamresour,Chineseenterprises,ariskinvestmentdataservicecompany,Chinasoverseasacquisitionsinthesecondquarterof2009alonereachedUS$,,notonlythecentralstate-ownedenterprisesandlargeenterprisesperformedremarkablywellinoverseasacquisitionsin2009,butalsothemedium-sizedenterprises,especiallytheregionalonesandprivateones,ince,theprovincesoverseasdirectinv,,threeoverseasacquisitions,includingtheHualingGroup%stakesfromAustraliasFMGCompany,becamethelargestofitskindintheprovince,Chineseenterprisescompleted71overseasacquisitionsfromearly2008totheendofJuly2009,ofwhich33or46%ofth,somenewelementsassociatedwithChineseenterprises,Chineseenterpriseshavegrownfastinacquiringfamouscorpor,JiliGroup,aprivateautomakerinChina,completedtheacquisitionofAustraliasDSICompany,aworldfamousauto-gearproducera,theycaneffectivelybenefitChineseenterprisesinovercomingtheirshort-boardeffectinbrandsandtechnologies,promotingtheircorporateupgradin,itisdeterminedbythedifferentdevelopmentsta,,withtheiroperationalrevenuebeingashighasRMB100billionyuan,butthecompetitivesectorsalsohaveenterprises,,manyofthemareprivateenterprises,,therapidexpansionofcorporatescalehasalsoconcealedsomein-depthproblems,suchaslowtechnologicallevel,laggingbrandbuilding,lowproductqualityandaddedvalue,,Chineseenterpriseshavealsoswitchedfrotechnologicalinnovation,productresearchanddevelopment,brandbuilding,qualitycontrolandsupplychainmanagement,,theoutbreakoftheglobalfinancialcrisisin2008hasaggravatedtheweakmarketdemand,theautoandpartsenterprises,themachineryandelectronicsenterprisesandthedailynecessityenterprisesinEurope,Americaandotherdevelopedregionshaveallbeentroubledbydrasticallyshrunkdemandanddivingproductionandsales,andmanyofthemhaveseentheir,,theyhavetemporarilys,Chineseenterprisesoverseascorporateacquisitionscanproducesomesynergyeffect,b,ithas,Chinasindustrializationhasbecomefasterandfaster,rapidlyincreasingtheconsumptionofminerals,,ChinahasbecomeaninternationalmanufacturingbaseandChineseenterpriseshaveinfactpermanufacturingcapacities,,thedramaticriseanddrasticfluctuationinthemarketpricesofmineralresourcesandotherbulkcommoditieshavepromotedChineseenterprisestoacquireoverseasresourcee,itisalsorelatedtothecontinuousgrowthofChina,ChinasforeignexchangereservehasexceededUS$2trillion,andpurchasingAmericannationaldebtsandmakingi,boththeenterprisesandgovernmenthavetheinitiat,theplummetingstockpricesofoverseasenterprisesarisingfromthe2008globalfinancialcrisishavefurtherstimulatedtheenthusiasmofCh,mostoverseasacquisitionshavebeenpromptedbytheaboveinevitablefactors....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.’sGrainDemandChinasgrainconsumptioncould,accordingtothepurposeofuse,beclassifiedintofourmaincategories:grainforresidentconsumption,grainusedasfodder,grainusedasseedsandgrainforindustrialuse,,demandforgrainalsoincludesdemandforexport,theneedforchangesandadjustmentofgrainstock,,grainconsumptioncouldalsobedividedinto:generaldemandforgrain,mainlyconsumptionbyordinaryconsumers;demandforqualityandspecialgrain,mainlyusedforgrainconsumptionbyhigh-incomeresidentsandspecialprocessingdemandofenterprises;consumptionofcommoditygrain,thatis,grainconsumedinthecirculationfield,excludinggrainproducedandsoldbythefarmers;andgrainusedasfodder,thatis,,China’sgrainconsumption,atthetimeofasteadyincreaseoftheconsumptionbasefigure,alsodevelopedsuchfeaturesandtrendsastheinter-actionbetweenthequantityandqualityofconsumption,continuingevolutionofconsumptionstructure,continuingincreaseofthe:First,consumptionbyresidentsisdroopingyearbyyear,itsproportioninthetotaldemandisalsodropping,,annualconsumptionofgrainbyurbanresidentsonaveragedroppedfrom95kilograms10yearsago(1995)toabout79kilograms,aper-capitadropofmorethan15kilograms;,el,butbytheresidents’growingdemandformorenutritiousfoodsuchasmeat,poultry,,theconsumptionofediblevegetableoilincreasedbyalargemargin,,in2003,urbanresidents’,,,,,,,;,%,grainconsumptionwasabout20kilogramswhentheyateout,,theconsumptionofgrainusedasfodderincreasedconstantly,,thecountry’svolumeofdemandforgrainusedasfodderwas76milliontons,anditincreasedto128milliontonsin2003,%oranannualgrowthofaboutfivepercentagepoints.金沙MG淑女之夜重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByZhangYongwei,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo120,sWindPowerIndustrySince2003,thecentralgovernmentpromulgatedtheRenewableEnergyLawofPeoplesRepublicofChinaanddrewupChinaRenewableEnergyDevelopmentPlantoimprovethe,aseriesofincentivemeasures,suchasthelaunchofwindpowerfranchiserightsbiddingandfavorablefiscalandtaxpolicies,greatlyenhancedthedevelo,sinstalled,weshouldalsoadmitthatprominentproblemsstillexistintheindustryandtheseproblemshavmechanism;seriousprojectsliceuptowinapprovalanddisorderlywindpowermarket(1)Theplanlac2007proposedtobringinstalledgrosscapacityofwindpowerto5GWin2010,;the11thFive-YearPlanforRenewableEnergyDevelopment,promulgatedin2008,plannedtobringtheinstalledgrosscapacityto10GWin2010,,thewindpowerinstallationplandoesnotfitwellwithotherdevelopmentplanssuchaspowergridconstruction,resourceexploration,,includingtheNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,NationalEnergyAdministration,ChineseAcademyofSciences,ChineseAcademyofEngineering,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologyandPowerGridCorporation,areallinvolvedinthewindpowerplanning,rketdevelopmentiftherewerenounitedandcoordinatedmediumandlong-termdevelopmentplanofwindpower.(2),theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionisinchargeofwindpowerprojectconstructionabove50,000kw,andlocalgovernmentsareresponsiblefortheonesbelow50,,somelocalgovernmentsandinvestmententerprisescircumventthestateapprovalbysplittingbigconstructionplan,000kwcapacityissplitintomorethan6smallerones(Eachonelessthan50,000kw).“Smallwindpowerprojects”directlyapprovedbylocalgovernmentblossomeverywhere,nwillfurtherintensifytheconflictbetweenwindpowerandpowergrids.(3)Projectwinsatenderwithlowpricewhiledeveloperscareforscaleratherthaneffectiveness,andtheypursue“quickstartandlargescale”.Thefactthattheonewhooffersthelowestbiddingpricewillwinthespecialdevelopmentrightsmakedevelopersnottoconsidercurrentprojectbenefit,“enclosemarketsharesbymakingpreemptiveinvestments”and“occupywindenergyresources”.Temptedbytheirrationalinvestmentimpulsion,developersintentionallypulleddowntheirbidrosssubsidization,,evingdiversifiedwindpowerdevelopment,introducinginvestmentthroughmarketmechanismanden,mostenterprisesfailtoimprovetheirowntechnologyanddontownthekeytechnologyWithhugemarketdemandforwindpowerequipmentsandmanufacturingcapacity,Chinanowhasdevelopedacompleteindustrychainforwindpowerequismore,Chinahasmasteredthebasicproducingtechnologyofmegawattwindturbineandcanbatchproducenon-keypartssuchasblade,,localenterprisesinChinahaventmasteredthekeytechnologyinwindturbinedesign,largewindturbinebearing,s,,,intheinternationalmarket,windturbinecontrolsystemoccupieslessthan8%swindturbinecontrolsystemisbasicallyimportedfromDenmarkandAustria,notonlyourcostsaremorethandoubled,butth,lackingnormalmanagementmeasuresforwindpowerfarmconnection,productstandard,certificationandsupervisionAlthoughwindpowerdevelopsrapidlytheseyears,obviouslyitlagsbehsRepublicofChinahasexcessivelylooseregulationsonwindpowergridconnection,whichdoesntmetificationsystemonwindpowerequipmentsintime,hydevelopmentofwindpowerindustry,connectionmanagementmeasuresofwindpowerfarm,whichadaptstoChinesepowergridcharacteristicsandlargewindpowergeneration,werstandards,whichisu,certificationisnotmandatory,,DenmarkandIndia,relevantcertificationinwindpowerfieldismandatory,andallwindturbinescant,butpromotestechnologyaccumulationandrealizethedestinatitprovidemodelparametersnowandareunabletomeettherequiremenrgescale,ifrelevanttechnologystandardswerenotperfectedandhealthycertificationsupervisionsystemwerenotimproved,windpowermarketfloodinglotsofbad-qualityequipmentswouldbringcatastrophicresult.HanJun,,thenationaloutputofthevegetableoilproducts(whichwereproducedwithChinesedomesticrawmaterialandprocessedbyChineseenterprises),o(%oftotalChina-madevegetableoil),theou(%)andtheoutputofedibleoilproducedwithwoodyoilplantstotalednearly300,000tons(constituting3%).,includingrapeseedplant,soybean,groundnut,sesame,sunflowerandlinseed,,groundnutandsoybeanregistersthemaximum,accountingfor70%,,(makingupover40%ofthetotaloutputofChina-madevegetableoil),(%ofthetotaloutputofChina-madevegetableoil)andthegroundnutoilproductionismainlyscatteredinYellowSea,,anusedtomakeoilaccountsapproximatelyfor1/,000tons(%ofthetotaloutputofChina-madevegetableoil)andthesoybeanoilproductionismainlyscatteredontheSongnenPlainofNortheastChina,,suchassunflower,sesameandlinseed,,andtheoutputofthoseoilcropsaddedupto2milliontons,productionofwhichismainlyscatteredintheYellowSeaandHuaihaiareasandinWestChina,withtheoilproductionreaching380,000tons,accountingfor4%,whicharecharacterizedbystrongadaptability,highoutputandsuperiorquality,gest,,,,andtheamountofannualprocessedtea-seedoilcameto277,,thewoodyoilplantswillbecomeimportantsourcesofChinaopsascotton,paddyandmaize,includingcottonseeds,maizeembryoandricebran,whichcanbeusedtoproducecottonseedoil,,makingupover16%ofthetotaloutputofChina-madevegetableoil,andtheproductionofcottonseedsandtheseedoilismainlyscatteredinthemaincotton-producingprovincesandareas,suchastheYellowSeaandHuaihaiareas,in-producingareasinNortheastChina,NorthChinaandtheYangtzeRivervalley,withtheannualoutputtotaling550,000tonsorso(makingup6%orsoofthetotaloutputofChina-madevegetableoil).ThehugepotentialfortheincreaseinChinasoilcropproductionismanifestedasfollows:Firstly,potentia,Chinahasmountedupitsinputintheenhancementandinnovationonoiltechnologiesandhasaccumulatedabundantreservesforselectionofhighyieldvarieties,explorationofhighoilcontentresource,andcultivationtechniquesfeaturinghighyield,efficiency,tyield,improvingquality,,nandmakingfulluseofthewintertimeidleland,abandonedland,floodlandandidlelandbits,Chinastillhas,bymakinguseofsuchmarginallandasthewintertimeidleland,saline-alkaliland,barrenlandandbarrenhillylandandslopesintheYangtzeRivervalley,,,thecultivationtechniquescanbeintegrated,,,withitspaddy,ducesover10milliontonsorsoofricebraneachyear(6%);China,withitscottonoutputhi,theoutputofChinasedibleoilcanbeincreasedexponentiallywiththefulluseoftheby-productsofpaddy,maizeandcotton....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.JinSanlinMiJianguoEstablishingChinasoilreserves,andstage-IprojectstartedinDalian,Huangdao,,thegovernmentestablishedthenationaloilreserveoffice,organizedsomeoilreservebasecompanies,,theestablishmentofChinasoilreservesystemislimitedtogovernmentsreserveandenterprisesobligatoryreservehasnotbeensetupandenterprises,theobjectivescale,managementsystem,operationmechanism,fundguaranteeandcostcontrolrelatedtoChinasoilreserveneedtobesolvedurgentlyandoilreserveisstilloneoftheweakestlinksinChina,asystematicresearchontheproblemofChinasOilReserveSystemOilreserveisaseriesofsystematic,organizedoil:(1)Themainbodyofoilreserveincludesboththegovernmentandenterprises;(2)Theobjectiveofoilreserveistorespondtooilsupplyemergencyoroilcrisis,soastoguaranteenationalsecurity;(3)Oilreserveshallbecarriedoutsystematicallyundertheunifiedorganizationofthenation,reserve,theInternationalEnergyAssociation(IEA)dividesoilreserveintogovernmentreserve,enterprisereserveandagencyreserve.(1)GovernmentreserveGovernmentreserveisincorporatedintogovernmentsfinancialbudget,thegovernmentprovidesthefundfortheestablishment,purchase,maintenanceandcontrol,theobjectiveistoti,egovernment,withhightransparencyandgoodemergencyeffectanditisaneffectivemeasuretoresistrisks,guaranteethesafety,balancethesupplyanddemand,,becauseoftheshortageofeffectivecompetitionmeans,theoperationefficiencyislowwhilethemaintenancecostishigh,whichwillconsequentlyincreasetheburdenoftheconsumers.(2)EnterprisereserveEnterprisereserveistheoilreserveundertakenbyoilmanufacturers,importers,oilrefiningenterprises,salesenterprisesandmajoroilconsumingenterprises,etheenterprise,becausecommercialreserveisrestrictedbyenterprisescostandbenefit,thereservevolumeisoftenlessthanlegalreserve,however,litiescanbeusedforlegalreserve,itisofhighoperationefficiency,lowoperationcost,andquickandconvenientactionwithlowtransparencyandlowjustice,anditisdifficulttobesupervised,meanwhile,,itcanincreaseenterprisescapacitytoresistriskswheninternationaloilsupplyisnotadequateandthepricejumpsup,anditcanincreaseenterprisesabsorptioncapacitywheninternationaloilsupplyisadequateandthepricegoesdown,thusitimprovesenterprisesoperationsecurityandeconomicbenefit,however,itisoflowjusticeandefficiencytorespondtothesocialcrisis.(3)AgencyreserveAgencyreserve(alsoknownasintermediaryorganizationsreserve),istheobligatoryoilreserveundertakenbypublicornongovernmentalorganizationsspecifiedbylaw,infact,itisamodeofenterprises,allofitsmembersaretheenterpriseswithreserveobligationstipulatedbylaw,theseenterprisobligatoryreserveandthestocks,itcanbeeasilysupervisedwithhightransparency,,moreandmoreattentionispaidtoagencyreserve,thenumberofthecountriesowningagencyreserveisincreasingwithyears,andenterprisessoilreservesystemGovernmentreserve,enterpriselegalreserve,agencyreserveandcommercialreserve,differentcountrieshavedifferentsituation,sotheoilreservesystemsaredifferent,,themostcommonthreekindsofcombinationmodesare:governmentreservewithcommercialreserve;governmentreservewithenterpriseslegalreserveandcommercialreserve;agencyreservewithenterprises,a,theobjectiveofpublicreserveistoresistthethreatof“oilsupplydisruption”,goilvolume,butdoesnotbeartheresponsibilityforregulatingtheoilprices,andthesupplyanddemandonintern,otherwisethecountryislikelytousepublicreservefrequentlytoregulateandcontroloilmarket,orinterveneintheenterprisennotbereached,andmoreovertheont-linescreenfortheprotectionofoilsecurity,(twoscreens)dependoneachotherandsupplementeachother,erveandcommercialreserve;meanwhileitdeterminesthatthetwok73,themajoroilimportingcountriesoftheUnitedStates,JapanandGermanyhavesetupnationaloilreservesystem,effort,thesecountrieshaveestablishednationaloilreservesysteminlightoftheirrespectivesituation,whichhasplayedanimportantroleinguaranteeingnationaleconomicsecurityandmaintainingthestabilityoftheworld,andthedifferencesrelatedtonationaloilreservesystemaremainlythedifferencesinreservemodeandcombinationmodebetweengovernmentreserve,enterprisescreserveandenterprises,theoilembargoagainsttheWesterncountr,theAmericangovernmentdecidedtosetupnationalstrategicoilreservesystemandtheobjectivewastoprotectandbufferAmerica,TheAmericanCongressapprovedtheEnergyPolicyandConservationAct(EPCA),authorizedtheMinistryofEnergytoestablishandmanagethestrategicoilreserve,andclarifiedtheobjective,managementandoperationmechanismofthestrategicoilreserve....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.TianJietangThecreationandprotectionofproprietaryintellectualpropertiesinlinewithsystemsengineeringrequirestheactivecooperationfromallgovernmentdepartments,whichshouldjointlyenhancetheirintellectualpropertyawarenessandintroducemeasuresforintellectualpropertymanagementsoastoensuretalscienceandtechnologyprogramsanddevelopthehigh-techindustriesandtoplayd,thesedepartmentsshouldstrengthenintellectualpropertymanagementandintroduceintogyWiththegradualestablishmentandcontinuousimprovementofitsintellectualpropertysystem,Chinahasmadetangibleprogressinadjustingstrategicprinciples,improvinglawsandregulationsandhighlightingintellectualpropertymanagementinimplementingthenationalscienceandtechn,theLawonProgressofScienceandTechnologywhichwasadoptedin1993andamendedin2007clearlydefinedtheownership,applicationandtransferoftheintellectualpropertiesofthe,Article20provides:"Theauthorizedprojectundertakersarelegallyentitledtotheinventionpatents,thecomputersoftwarecopyrights,theexclusiverightsofintegratedcircuitlayoutdesignsandthenewplantvarietyrightsformedbytheprojectsofthescienceandtechnologyfoundationsorthescienceandtechnologyprogramsestablishedwithfiscalfunds,exceptthoseinvolvingstatesecurity,nationalinterestsandmajorsocialandpublicinterests."Article21provides:"ThestateencouragestheprioruseinChinaoftheintellectualpropertiesformedbytheprojectsofthescienceandtechnologyfoundationsorthescienceandtechnologyprogramsestablishedwithfiscalfunds."Intheareaofregulations,theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncil,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologyandotherdepartmentshavepromulgatedmanyregulationsanddocuments,includingtheGuidelinesontheStrengtheningoftheProtectionandManagementoftheScienceandTechnology-RelatedIntellectualProperties,theRegulationsontheManagementoftheIntellectualPropertiesoftheResearchResultsoftheProjectsoftheNationalScienceandTechnologyProgramsandtheRegulationsontheStrengtheningoftheManagementofthetiesoftheresearchresultsofthenationalscienceandtechnologyprogramsandcontainedclearandspecificrequirementsfortheintellectualpropertyworkonallmaopertiesoftheprogramprojectsconstitutedadynamicimpetustodrasticallyincreasingtheoutputofproprietaryintellectualpropertiesinimplementingtheprojectsofChina,regionalscienceandtechno,Shanghai,Fujian,ZhejiangandotherplaceshaveallintroducedrelevantlawsandregulationstostandprogramsarerelativelysoundandintellectualpropertyoutputsarevisiblyhigherInaccordancewiththeabove-mentionedlawsandregulations,thescienceandtechnologydepartmentshaveincorporatedthecontentsofintellectualpropertymanagementintothemanagementsystemsandprojectcontractsofallscienceandtechnologyprograms,putforwardthetargetrequirementsforintellectualpropertyoutputsanddefinedtheintellectualpropertymanagementresponsibilitiesofthemanagementunits,projectundertakingunitsandprojectparticipantsofthescienceandtechnologyprogramsinthelinksofprojectapplication,acceptance,evaluation,,theintellectualpropertyoutputsofthemainscienceandtechnologyprograms,including"863","973","Gongguan"(meaningtacklethehard-nuttopics)and"Huoju"(meaningtorch),%%(BasedontheOutlineoftheNationalIntellectualPropertyStrategy,IntellectualPropertyPublishingHouse,2008).evaluation,rewardingandaffirmationsystemsIntheirpracticalwork,thescienceandtechnologydepartmentshavegraduallyincorporatedtheintellectualpropertytargetsintotheevaluation,affirmationandre-examinationofthehigh-techindustrialdevelopmentzones,thecorporatetechnologicalcentersandthekeylaboratories,andtakentheamountofintellectualpropertyownershipandtherelatedprotectionandmanagementsystemsasanimportantcriterionforthestatusaffirmationofhi,thereformoftheownershipsystemoftheresearchinstitutionsintransitionandtheexperimentonequity-basedincentiveshaveactivelyimplementedtheintellectualpropertyrewardpoliciesandgradu,theRegulationsontheManagementoftheAffirmationoftheHigh-TechEnterprisesamendedin2008emphasizesthattheenterprisesmusthaveproprietaryintellectualpropertiesoverthecoretechnologiesoftheirmainproducts(services).Otherwise,dthenumberofintellectualpropertieshasincreasedmarkedlyTheenterprises,researchinstitutions,universitiesandotherinnoionappliedfor15,020patentsin2007,%,521inventionpatentsduringthe1998~2007period,,theChinese-investedenterprisesbasedinthenationalhigh-techindustrialdevelopmentzonesappliedfor55,252patents,ofwhich29,166wereinventionpatentapplications,andaccountedforover70%ofthetotalinventionpatentapplications(BasedontheOutlineoftheNationalIntellectualPropertyStrategy,IntellectualPropertyPublishingHouse,2008).rtytransactionsThestatisticaldataoftheChinaTechnologyMarketManagementPromotionCenterindicatethatatotalof220,,109,%ofthenumberoftotalnationaltransactionsinvolvedtheintellectualpropertiesofpatents,,%%,76,,%%ofthenumberandvalueoftotalnationaltransactions;27,,%%ofthenumberandvalueoftotalnationaltransactions;thetransactionsoftechnologycontractsinvolvingtherightsofnewbio-pharmaceuticalvarieties,therightsofnewanimalandplantvarietiesandtheex%,%%overthepreviousyear(BasedonthearticleentitledRapidDevelopmentofChinasTechnologyMarketin2007,PatentStatisticalBulletinoftheStateIntellectualPropertyOffice,Issue16,2008)....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByLvGang,Re,2006Sincethepolicyofreformandopeningupwasintroduced,hugeprogresshasbeenmadeinChinasforeigntrade,withtotalexportvolumeincreasinginarapidandcontinuousmannerandtheshareofmanufacturedgoods,mechanicalandele,manypeoplebelievethatChinasexportsexportstructureThisis,infact,anissueofhowtoevaluateChinasindustrialstructurewhichismirroredinthecountry,itwouldbedifficulttojudgethedevelopmentphaseofChinasforeigntradeandindustrialization,andevenmoresotoestablishsuitablepoliciestofurtherraisethelevelofthecountry,thisarticleanalyzesthedevelopmentofChinasexportstructuresincethemid1990sandcomparesitwiththatofdevelopedcountrieslikeSouthKorea,Germany,hnologicalstructureofanationsexportsistoclassifytheminto8categoriesbyone-digitcodesoftheStandardInternationalTradeClassification(SITC)oftheUnitedNations,inwhichCategories0~4areclassifiedasprimaryproducts,Categories6and8aslabor-intensivepr,,notallironandsteelprsmore,thecharac[1]istoclassifyabout200products,usingthethree-digitSITCcodes,into5categoriesbytheintensityofRDinputs,namely,primaryproducts,resource-basedproducts,lowtechnologymanufactures,mediumtechnologymanufacturesandhightechnologymanufactures(SeeTable1below).,itfailstodistinguishtheRDintensitiesofthesameproductindifferentprocessingstages,,thismethodisapparentlymore,thisapproachisappliedintheanalysisofthisarticle.、金沙MG淑女之夜用户至上VIP金沙游戏注册LiuShijin,YuBin,ZhangLiqun,YangJianlong,LiJianwei,ChenChangshengFangJinThereweresignstharnmentanditsgradualeffect,theen,weshouldattachgreatimportanttoissuessuchassharpeningemploymentcontradictionsrelatedtoeconomicoperation,dramaticdeclineofenterprisesperformance,inflationarypressurerelatedtotheswiftgrowthofcreditf,macroeconomicpoliciesshouldfocusonpromotingthereboundofmarket-drivendomesticdemand,whilemaintainingthescopeandeffectivenessofgovernmentinvestments,avoidingasecondrincethesecondhalfof2008,%%,whichwasnotonlyduetotheimpactofinternationalfinancialcrisisandaconspicuousslowergrowthofworldeconomy,butalsorelatedtothefactthatdomesticleadingsectors,suchasrealestateandautoindustries,entereda,thedevelopmentpatternonwhicheconomicgrowthhasbeenrelyingforalongperiodoftimewasbolsteredbylowpriceandhighinvestmentofelements,suchaslaborforce,landandresources,soitbecomesdifficulttokeepitsustainedwhensignificantchangestakeplaceininternationalanddomesticsituation,,thegro,thechangeinmarketexpectationsandreflectionofenterprises,theover-pessimisticexpectationsweregraduallymultiplied,andthemark,heavyindustrywhichholdsaconsiderablysignificant,lotsofintermediateproductsandlargeinvestmentdemand,oncetheultimatedemandshrinks,itseffectwillspreadalongtheindustrialc,withahighforeigntradedependenceratio,pricesofcommoditiesagainstthebackgroundoffinancialspeculationininternationalmarketsdramaticallydeclinedandimposedsevereimpactsondomesticpricesystem,whichgeneratedthephenomenonof"over-adjustment",differentfrompreviousones,wasbasedontheconditionsofChina,enterp,lackingofcareformarketchanges,imulusmeasuresaccordingtothechangesininternationalanddomesticeconomicsituation,includingdramaticallyincreasingfinancialinputandimplementingstructuraltaxreduction,establishingamassiveplanforindustryadjustmentandreinvigoration,providingvigoroussupporttoscien,,,i,somekeyindicators,s,,%.Fourth,thedeclineofoutputandsalesvolumeofkeyproducts,suchaspowergeneration,rawcoal,cement,steel,,lastQ4andQ1in2009,thesituationofmajoreconomiessuchastheUnitedStates,,domesticinvestmentandconsumptiondemandsaretobefurtherlaunched,andthedownwardpre,%,th%yearonyear,%,theresultofaquestionnaireconductedbyChineseEntrepreneurSurveySystemonover1,000entrepreneursshowedthatover50%ofentrep,someeconomicindicatorsarereturningtonormalintheshortrun,overalleconomicoperationispreliminarilystabilizing,eryoftheOverallEconomyThefactorsinfluencingeconomicgrowthforthewholeyearcanbeobservedfromthreeaspectsincludingforeigndemand,tent,,therecoveryofmarket-d,butthepossibilityoffurtherslideisnotexcludedForeigndemanddramaticallydeclinedowingtotheimpactofinternationalfinancialcrisisandeconomicrecession,anditisinevitableforChina,foreignimportersdramaticallycompressedstockinordertolowermarketrisksandreducetied-upfunds,,theexchangerateofsomecountriesdramaticallydepreciated,whichdamagedthecompetitivenessofChinasexportreportednegativegrowthonayear-on-yearbasisinlastNovember,,processingtrade-orientedITproductsbecamethemainfactorthatdraggedexportslide,whilethedeclineofexportvolumeoflightindustryandtextileproducts,suchasgarments,shoes,,,thankstotheincreasedexportrebateratesforlabor-intensiveproducts,thereisasignificantreboundinexports,,,exportsinprocessingtradedroppedlessthanthatinJan,,Americancommoditiesandothershopsfordailynecessities,exclusiveboutiquesforclothing,furniturestoresandnon-fuelcommoditiesofWal-Mart%,%,%%,asdevelopedcountrieshavetakeneconomicstimulusplansinsuccession,ifprivateconsumptionceasestoslip,inventoryadjustmentsofoverseasretailerswillbecompletedinthesecondquarter,,whileexportgrowthdramaticallysloweddowninbothJanuaryandFebruary,%yearonyear....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:LiuShijin,JinRenqing,:ofthetaskforceparticipatedinthediscussion.WangMengkuiChinahasenteredanewdevelopmentphaseattheturnofthe21stcentury,whichinvolvesthetransitionfromtherealizationaswellconnectedthethirdstepwiththesecondstep,andhasusheredinanewstartforthethird-stepstrategicindifferentphases,,somepeoplema,ithasnowbeenwidelyrealizedthatwehavetrulyenteredanewdevelopmentphaseandmanyprob,someissueshavecollectivelycometothesurfacesuchastherestrictionsofresourcesandenvironment,theunevennessindevelopment,andproblemsrelatedtosocialtransformationaswellasnewissuesinthedomesticsystemandexternalenvironment,whereastheydidnotemergeoroccuraspressingissuestobeaddressedintheprevio:IsChinasdevelopmentsustainableWillChinabeabletosolvethenumerousproblemsandcontradictionsintheprocessofindustrializationandurbanizationandtosuccessfullyrealizemodernizationTheBritish"FinancialTimes"carriedanarticleentitled"ChineseEconomy:RobustinTrend,butHardtoSustain"whichrepresentstheviewsofmanypeopleintheworld,ssustainabledevelopmentrnandoptimizingstructureThedevelossustsresourceconsumptionandpollutantdischargeperunitGDPhavebeendecliningwhileeconomicbenefitskeeprisingoverthepast30yearssinceChinayinclude:Firstly,,large-scaleurbanandruralconstructionhasbeenstaged,andthefocusofconsumpt,theeconomysextensivyanddemand,theglobalresourcesupplysystemmainlyservesthed,,,ion,tioninthede,industrializationandurbanizationneedtobefurtherpropelled,whichwillresultinthecontinuedincreaseoftotalpollutantdischarge;ontheotherhand,improvingenvironmentisindispensableforimprovinglifequalityinthenewphase,whichisasimportantasmeetingtheneedsforclothing,food,,asevidencedintheincreasingnewtradeba,andenvironmentalprotectionbecomesaresponsibilitywhichisnolongerasoftrestraint,,,,b,normallaborersincertainregionsarealsoinshortsupply,,Chinas"populationbonus"improvementofeconomicbenefitsinruralareas,orbeastructuralproblem,orevenshsrelativeadvantageinlowlandandlaborcostwilllastforsometime,butthegradualdecreaseoftheadvantageisinevitable,tforalongtime,andtheproblemisespecially,andalsoindicatesthattheeconomyhasnotwelldevelopedyet,evelopment;rather,,butthedifficultyha,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.*Pleaserefertothereportentitled"ToBuildaWell-offSocietyinChinainanAll-roundWay:TheStartingPoint,GoalandProspects"byWangMengkuiforChinaDevelopmentForum2003.ByGuoJianjunResearchReportNo202,2006ThenationaleconomyandsocialdevelopmentinChinahavemadegreatprogresssincereformandopeningup,,theconstructionofpublicinfraststriesandurbanareas,theurban-ruralandinter-regionaleconomicdisparitieshavebeenwidenedfurtheoftheconstructionofruralpublicserviceshavebecomeprominentproblemsaffectingChina’,speedingupnewcountrysideconstruction,promotingchangeingovernmentfunctions,shiftinggovernment’spublicserviceresourcesandfunctionstotheruralareasandstrivingforcoordinatedurban-ruraldevelopmentareofutmost,immediateandfar-reachingsignificancestosolvetheissuesregardingagriculture,countrysideandpeasantsandtorealSupplySincethebeginningofthe10thFive-YearPlan,thestatehascontinuouslyincreasedinputsforruralinfrastruc,,,theconstr,,rigationfacilities,,,theacreageofcultivatedlandhasbeenshrinkingyearafteryear,thequalityofcultivatedlandhasbeendeteriorating,dstableyields,andtheremaining65percentcanonlygivelowandaverageyieldsduetodrought,sloping,impoverishment,flood,salinization,,soilerosiondestroyedmorethan40millionmuofcultivatedland,,,desertificationandalkalizationhasreached135millionhectares,,thetechnologicalsupportforagricunt,,theratiosofmechanicalploughing,,,theratiosofmechanicallyharvestingforriceandcorn,thetwomaingrainvarieties,,thefundingisinsufficientandthetechnicalforceisnotstable,theresul,,thegrass-rootsepidemicpreventionforcesareveryweak:someinfrastructurefacilitiesareoutdated,thesub-stationsareshabbyandpoor-equipped,andaconsiderablenumberoftownshipveterinarystationsdonothavethenecessaryinstruments,,epidemicpreventionremainsatthelevelofsensualinspect,,quantity,convenienceandsupplyguarantee,morethan30,,morethan50millionpeoplearedrinkingthewaterwhosefluorineandarseniccontentsexceedthenationalhygienicstandardsfordomesticanddrinkingwater;nearly40millionaredrinkingbitterandsaltywater;130millionpeoplearedrinkingthewaterwhosemicroorganismcon,morethan90million,’,,000ruraltownshipsand650,000administrativevillagesnationwide,nearly100townshipsand40,000villageshavenoaccesstopublicroadsandnearly10,000townshipsandover300,,thepowerfacilitiesinthevastrural,20millionruralpeoplestillhavenoaccesstoelectricity,andaconsiderablepartoftheruralareasstilldithasbecomea"shortleg"First,therural,,,,,therewere45,000townshiphospitalswith670,000bedsand699,,805,62,000and105,,,sternregionshave33percentoftheirhousesinashabbystateand80percentofthetownshiphospit,,outofthecountry’s38,240townships,23,678neededtobuildorrenovatetheirculturalstationsandmorethan23,000townshipshadnocultursarenotedfornarrowspace,disrepair,outdatedfacilities,andlackofinstrumentsandequipment.、DVORByLiaoYingminRenXingzhou,InstituteofMarketEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo109,(1)TherealestatemarketbottomsoutFromJanuarytoAugust2009,theareaofnationwidesoldnewly-builtcommercialhousingwas494,160,000m2,%overthesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,%,theareaofnationwidesoldcommercialhousingofthefirstquarterwas113,000,000m2,%lativelywell,whichshowspartofac,however,thecommercialhousingtransactionamountsawaparoxysmalincrease,andthetransactionamountofsomelarge-sizedandmedium-sizedhouseswithrelativelyhightotalpriceincreasedrapidly,,000,000m2(thatofJunewas94,650,000m2),(Table1).Atthesametime,ndShanghaiincreasedrespectivelyby186%and187%overthepreviousyear,higherthantheleveloftheyear2008;,especiallyinSeptember,housingtransactionamountofsomebigcitieslikeBeijingandShanghaidecreasedasdeflationpolicylikehighRegions(2009)ByHouYongzhiSunZhiyan,Departm,2008Theoilandgaspriceshavestayedatahighlevelinrecentyears,whichhves,,,whileexperiencingswiftindustrializationandurbanization,,Chinabadlyneedstospeedupthetransformationofthemodeofdevelopmentforitsoilandgasindustrysothatitcanrealizeanunconventional,nasoilandga,therelevantChineseenterprisesareneitherlargeinscaleandnorstrongincompakenedduetothechangeinthecompetitionsituationandhavefoundthemselv,oilandgashavebecomeChinassecondmajorenergy,,,ocialdevelopment,Chinamustcontinuetoexpandthescaleofthisindustryandforcethisindustrytoformnewcuttingedgesandboostitscorecompetitivenesssothattheindustrycancat,mostoftheoilenterprisesarebesetwithahostofseriousproblems:thecontinuousriseinthedegreeofexplorationanddevelopmentoftheoilandgasbasinshasresultedinacontinuousincreaseinthecostofproduction,agrowinglyshortercycleofdevelopmentofoilrefineryandnewoilandchemicalproducts,andarapiddevelopmentofthehigh-tech,,ltinationaloilcompanies,over80%oftheadvancedoilandpetrocindustrybyimportingtechnologiesfromothercountries,,akeystepforChinatoexpandtheindustrialscaleandincreasethecorecompetitivenessistorapidlyenhan,breakthroughsmnhanceitscapacityforintegratingthecoeavyinvestment,highrisk,longcycleofreturnandhighuncertaintyandastheresearchanddevelopmentinthisfieldishighlyexternally-related,abreakthrough,oncemade,canacceleratethetechnologicalupgradingofoneorseveralindustri,theenterprisesarenotsoenthusiasticabouttheresearchanddevelopmentinthagesandoccupyimportantpositionsthatcann,ChinashouldrelyonPetroChina,Sinopec,CNOOCandotherlargestate-o,ChinashouldrationallyarrangetheownershipofgeneraltechnologiesandgenerictechnologiesandpromotetechnologysharingamongthedomesticenterprisesinthesameindustryinordertoenhancetheoverallcompetitivenessofChina,Chinashouldencouragethedomesticenterprisestoformalliancesfor"pre-competitionresearchanddevelopment".Byformingsuchalliances,institutionsandplatformsforlong-termandstablejointdevelopmentcanbeestablishedandclosecooperationbetweentheenterprisesinthesameindustrycanbestrengthenedinthefie,Chinashouldformulatemorerelevantpolicies,inlightoftheeconomicandtechnologicalcharacteristicsoftheoilandgasindustryandtheuniquefeaturesoftheinternationalcompetition,,thestateshouldintroducecorporate-orientedfinancialandtaxpolicies,especiallythestimulationpolicies,intheupstreamareaofprospectinganddevelopmenttechnologies,andgiveprioritysupporttothenationaloilenterprisestoinnovatetechnologiesthatcanboostexploration,developmentandextractionrate,andinparticulartodeve,Chinashouldstrengthenthemanagementroductsandtechnologies(mainlyatthedownstreamoftheoilandgasindustry),Chinashouldnotonlyintroducepoliciesthatofferfinancialandtaxincentivestoenterprisesbutalsointroducemoreconsumer-orientedstimulationpoliciesinlightofthestrategicrequirementsofthecountrysenergypoliciessothatrationalconsumptionwillguidetheenterprisestoinnovatethetechnologiesforcleanandrenewableenergyproducts,enhancetheuseefficiencyofoilproductsandprovideotherindustrieswithevencleanerenergies.ByZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo143,’sBankInsuranceBankinsuranceingeneralreferstothefactthatthelifeinsurancecompaniesusethenetworkandcustomerresourceso,activelydevelopingbankinsurancecandiversifytheirservicecontents,ex,thebankscantakeadvantageofthecustomersoftheinsurancecompaniesandtapthepotentialofthereso,utilizingthevastoperatingnetworksofthebankstosellinsuranceproductscanreducetheirmarketingcostandexpandtheirmarketbytakniescanimproveoperatingefficiencyandproduce"win-win"resultsthroughresourcesharing,rashighas10percentofthe,thepremiumincomef,SpainandPortugal,’sHongKong,Singaporeandotherplaces,,bankinsurancehasalsodevelopedrapidlyandhasbecomeanimportantmarketingchannelforthelifeinsurancecompaniessincethe,thevolumeofbankinsurancebusinessa,itrecoveredvigorouslyattheendof2005,,ChinaLifeInsuranceCorporationsawitsbankinsurancebusinessrisingby121percentyear-on-yeturenatureofbankinsuranceinChinaandthefoundationfor,thebankagencychannelhasbecomeascarceresou,thebanksareinanadvantageouspositionan,theinsurancecompaniesalsohavetopayincentivefeestothebankinsurancesalespersonsandmanycommercialban,thebankagencyproductsoftheinsur,single-payment,participatingproducts,,theins,eensavingsandinsurance,andsomesalespersonsexaggeratetheyieldsofbankinsuranceproductsanduseerroneousyieldcalc,sarehandledmanually,theflowofinsurancepoliciesisslowandt,thecurrentcooperationbetweenbanksandinsurancecompaniesmainlyadoptsthemethodsof,suchasinquiry,contractsecurity,policyloan,policyamendmentandclaimssettlement,,ngmechanismsfortheircooperation;thebankshavenotyetincorporatedbankinsuranceoperationsintotheiroveralldevelopmentstrategies;theinsurancecompaniesmerelytakebankinsuranceasamarketingmode,emphasizeonthebrandeffectof,romeachother,therivalryfortheagencyoutletresourcesofthebanksbecomesanimportandoperationscansavetransactioncost,ndthefinancialinstitutionsspeeduptransformation,integratedoperationscanincreasethecompetitivenessofChina’,withthedeepeninginstitutionalrestructuringofChina’sstate-ownedcommercialbanksandtheimprovementoftheirinternalgovernance,thecommercialbanksareremoldingtheirmodeofprofitabilityan,,integrgementCompaniesbyCommercialBankswaspromulgatedin2005,,whichwasthefirstinsurancecompanyinChina’sbankingsector,,integratedoperationswillbecomeamaintrendinthedevelopmentofthefinancialindustry.。

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